GOBESHONA 6: DAY 2 ACTION POINTS
This document summarizes key action points which will reflect Gobeshona Conference 2020’s theme “Research into Action”. All actions were collected from the sessions from day 2 and addressed key points from the various topics covered by session hosts and presenters.
SESSION 01: Keynote Speech by Mr Essam Muhammad, IIED
- Action/Policy: According to FAO, 80% of the global fish stocks are threatened. Thus, the relevant authorities must take steps to mitigate this and improve fish stocks.
- Policy: Expansion of compensation program taken by governments is required as nearly 3 million people are involved in fishery, and while the current program is appreciated, it is not sufficient.
- Action: Further steps must be taken
to reduce ocean pollution as a recent report by recent Intergovernmental Panel
on Climate Change (IPCC) described that threat to the ocean lives face due to
waste pollution and ocean acidification has significantly increased over the
Helvetas Bangladesh, ICCCAD, DORP, BDPC and OKUP
on Strengthening Climate Actions: Nexus between Climate Change,
Water Access, Food Security, Livelihood and Migration
- Engagement: In order to effectively build resilience in climate vulnerable regions, relevant government stakeholders and local civil society members should be included from the project inception phase.
- Policy: The WASH Budget allocation needs to be increased in order to properly ensure eradication of diseases and issues related to poor water and sanitation hygiene.
- Action: Ensuring post-project continuity
after project period has ended in order to uphold relationships with the local
community, and ensuring impact is not only limited to the project period.
SESSION 03: CIMMYT,
ICCCAD on Climate Services for
Resilient Development (CSRD) in South Asia: Activities, Outcomes, and Impact
- Engagement: Use of Interactive Voice Response (IVR) to analyse and compare forecast weather data vs real time on-field weather conditions; allowed farmers to identify correct time of harvesting.
- Engagement: Farmers may be facilitated to make informed decisions based on accurate, location specific, climate and weather information; locally relevant crop, livestock and livelihood options; and with the use of participatory tools to aid their decision making through community-based awareness building.
- Action: Develop a model and early warning system for crop diseases, namely Wheat Blast which has been visible since 2016.
SESSION 04: ICDDR,B ON HEALTH AND CLIMATE CHANGE
- Action: Capacity building is crucial within communities near Sundarbans in order to make them less dependent on forest resources as overfishing and deforestation are putting the Sundarbans at risk; especially at a time when it is important to protect forest resources to combat Climate Change.
- Policy: More awareness building is required on issues such as “eco-anxiety” – anxiety about ecological disasters experienced by those in climate vulnerable areas. The government should take steps to tackle mental health issues that arise from natural disasters.
- Action: Riverbank erosion is one of the main reasons for migration in Khulna, Bangladesh thus steps must be taken to reduce the impacts of such erosion in order to prevent displacement. Displacement impacts health adversely as health adaption occurs based on the environment in which one lives.
SESSION 05: BLUEGOLD on Small Scale Infrastructure for
In-Polder Water Management (Workshop)
- Large part of khal networks within polder become more and more disconnected with connecting river. Actions must be needed to reduce this disconnection.
- The need for control of water distribution increase, due to specific demands depending on the sessions, shortages should be dealt with accordingly.
- Complementary to regulators, farmers choose extensively for local solutions (e.g. cross dams, regulation at the stake of others) to meet increasing demands.
- Small-scale infrastructure (preferably with gates) within polder water system become more popular, as it potentially can regulate both storage or drainage for catchments apart.
- Routine maintenance of khals and synergetic manual operation of regulators and gated culverts are essential for sustainable use
- Monitoring and modelling and using apps does complement local knowledge with objective knowledge, and may reduce costs in planning, design, operation and maintenance of water resources infrastructure in coastal polders in Bangladesh.
SESSION 06: OXFAM on Empowering Women in Climate Action
- Action: Women in high salinity areas are at risk of developing hypertension and may face multiple problems during pregnancy due to this; action must be taken by both demand and supply side in order to mitigate the risk of drinking saline water.
- Engagement: Women are particularly vulnerable to climate change, so in order to mobilise them and build capacity, their economic conditions may be enhanced by developing customized information systems for agriculture including crop farming, homestead gardening, fisheries, livestock, horticulture and poultry.
- Policy: Action needs to be taken to make living conditions in slums better as women who migrate to the slums often face many problems in terms of health, personal security and sanitation.
SESSION 07: BLUEGOLD on Outcomes of an Integrated Water
Management Intervention: Rethinking the Community’s Role (Workshop)
- Why farmers are not investing as payback is very high and quick?
- Community stakeholders should have transparency in investment because local public goods usually have minimum returns
- More communications are needed between governmental and local to create better policies
SESSION 08: FRIENDSHIP on Mangrove Plantation:
A Climate Action by Friendship in Southern Bangladesh
- Action: 40 Acres of land has been allocated to plant mangroves in Satkhira district in order to halt the predicted effects of coal-fired power plants as well as to halt biodiversity loss and combat land degratation.
- Policy: Researchers and experts should be included in policy meetings and decisions; despite many attempts to get in touch with the relevant ministries, researchers have not been able to get a response from the authorities.
- Action: Researchers must look for avenues in which their findings can be implemented in real-life situations. With the global community putting emphasis on climate action, it is imperative that implementation of research is put into play.
SESSION 09: FRIENDSHIP on Transition Fund:
Relief to Mainstream – A Friendship Initiative
- Action: Although policies and frameworks exist for the rights and protection measures of vulnerable communities such as Articles 11 and 15 of the constitution, field study in Fulchhari, Gaibandha shows there is no proper implementation of these.
- Action: The Gobeshona platform from next year will ask researchers to not only present, but ask them to come up with their plan for target groups leading research into action. The Gobeshona platform will support these groups by connecting with the relevant stakeholders and do negotiations to take it to further.
- Policy: Focus should be given on Disaster Risk Reduction. There is an opportunity for Bangladesh to be proactive in developing a national mechanism for loss and damage. Ministry of Disaster Management taken initiative to develop a 2 year pilot project to explore the possibility of Bangladesh with its own money from the climate change Trust.