This document summarizes key action points which will reflect Gobeshona Conference 2020’s theme “Research into Action”. All actions were collected from the sessions from day 3 and addressed key points from the various topics covered by session hosts and presenters.
SESSION 01: Keynote Speech by Ms Ruksana Rimi
- Action/Policy: Due to the uncontrolled rate of greenhouse gas emissions, the probability of extreme events doubled in the year 2017 as opposed to 1979; thus it is imperative that adaptation strategies be adjusted according to the increased likelihood of extreme events.
- Action: Information from climatic models on extreme rainfall patterns can be used to predict the outbreak of diseases such as dengue and chikungunya which are spread due to waterlogging.
- Policy: Climatic research data are sources of reliable information which should be used to promote public awareness and create pressure on policymakers to take strong action and strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to achieve SDG 13.1
SESSION 02: IRRI on Agriculture and Natural Resource Management
- Action: Product profile of rice should be used based on market demand in order to adjust seed plantation according to conditions – for example, use of cold-resistant seeds during cold wave.
- Policy/Action: Not all water resources in the coastal zone are saline, so Bangladesh should take steps to ensure food security by utilising these water resources; use sluice gate regulators to improve irrigation techniques.
- Policy/Action: Use Alternate-Wetting-Drying (AWD) irrigation technique and use screening technique to encourage plantation of rice with low methane emissions; it must be ensured that these techniques are properly disseminated into society through awareness-building.
SESSION 03: Manusher Jonno Foundation on Climate Change and Chittagong Hill Tracts
- Policy: Unplanned deforestation in the CHT are resulting in landslides; proper management of resources must be employed especially in terms of disaster management.
- Engagement: Identification of the most vulnerable people should be prioritized as people in the CHT have limited mobility, communication and access to products.
- Action: Remote Sensing Technology was used to identify locations vulnerable to landslides in Manikchori region. This was to alert the people in those areas so that appropriate measures can be taken and reduce destruction.
SESSION 04: ICCCAD, ULAB on Climate Change and Migration
- Policy: Policies should be made on the resettlement of climate migrants, who live in fear of eviction from their temporary settlements, and ensure livelihoods and economic security for them.
- Policy: Decentralization of Dhaka city and planned urbanisation of other cities so that migrants are not attracted to the capital city alone.
- Action: Riverbank erosion is one of the main reasons for migration in Khulna, Bangladesh thus steps must be taken to reduce the impacts of such erosion in order to prevent displacement. Displacement impacts health adversely as health adaption occurs based on the environment in which one lives.
SESSION 05: BLUEGOLD on Stimulating Agricultural Productivity and Profitability in the Coastal Zone – Prospects by Extension (Workshop)
- Large variation in local opportunities – close link between field staff and research practitioners are needed for effective project outcomes
- For effective agricultural productivity development focus should be on the cropping system instead of focusing on single crop. This will increase productivity
- Encouragement to take initiative incorporate ‘farming as a business’ – assist a farmer to commercialize, provide the skills to take appropriate decisions when conditions change
- To increase market flow, facilitation between stakeholders with the markets should have better linkages.
- Necessary support for the market system, or changes to the businesses system is required to improve practices in the rural areas.
- Salinity intrusion and drinking water is still a problem and necessary step to ensure clean water
SESSION 06: GCA Session on Locally Led Adaptation Track
- Business as usual is not working, and the climate finance system needs an overhaul to ensure money reaches the most vulnerable.
- Collaboration between local experts and distant experts are needed (Global North and Global South)
- There are a set of principles that help ensure good practice, and these should be used as a bar for determining the degree to which climate finance is serving the most vulnerable.
- There is evidence of a missing middle in climate finance provision; this is medium term finance that can help local institutions develop their track record over time, allowing room for experimentation and failure to strengthen local institutions to access longer term and increased volumes of finance.
- Country taking accountability does not ensure local actions; Local level actions needs to be ensured for adaptation finance.
SESSION 07: BLUEGOLD on Empowering Women for
Economic Development and Resilience (Workshop)
- Women’s workload is increasing due to more productive activity because they have to balance domestic work. Health intervention is needed to reduce impacts from these burdens
- Agriculture machineries and technologies should be women friendly
- Women’s participation is higher level organization is still low, especially in the water sector. Proper steps should be taken to include women in the committees
- Women’s wages remain lower than that of men; Pay gap should be reduced to reduce inequality
SESSION 08: ICCCAD, Oxfam, UN Women and Wateraid on
Women’s Achievement and Leadership in Combating Climate Change
- Equal rights in institution are talked about but must be ensured in both local and institutional level
- Basic descision making such as maternel rights and abortion rights are still patriarchal
- In rural context, money earned by women are subjected to descrimination or usually taken away; Actions to mitigate such practices must be ensured.
- Sanitation and sexual health awareness is still an issue in many areas. Policies must be stringent about practices at the local level